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Jesus is Christ
Bible Passage Matthew 22: 23- 46
This content is part of a series Bright Morning Reflections, in topic 2023 & books 1 Corinthians, Deuteronomy, Exodus, Leviticus, Luke, Matthew.

Jesus is Christ

  • Rev. Bright Mawuena Nfodzo
Date preached September 19, 2023

23 That same day some Sadducees, who claim there is no resurrection, came to Jesus and asked him,

24 “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies having no children, his brother must marry the widow and have children for his brother.’

25 Now there were seven brothers among us. The first one married and died, and since he had no children, he left his widow to his brother.

26 The same thing happened with the second brother, and then the third, and finally with the rest of the brothers.

27 Finally, the woman died, too.

28 Now in the resurrection, whose wife of the seven will she be, since all of them had married her?”

29 Jesus answered them, “You are mistaken because you don’t know the Scriptures or God’s power,

30 because in the resurrection, people neither marry nor are given in marriage but are like the angels in heaven.

31 As for the resurrection from the dead, haven’t you read what was spoken to you by God when he said,

32 ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? He is not the God of the dead, but of the living.”

33 When the crowds heard this, they were amazed at his teaching.

34 When the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, they met together in the same place.

35 One of them, an expert in the Law, tested him by asking,

36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”

37 Jesus told him, “‘You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’

38 This is the greatest and most important commandment.

39 The second is exactly like it: ‘You must love your neighbor as yourself.’

40 All the Law and the Prophets depend on these two commandments.”

41 While the Pharisees were still gathered, Jesus asked them,

42 “What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?” They told him, “David’s.”

43 He asked them, “Then how can David by the Spirit call him ‘Lord’ when he says,

44 ‘The Lord told my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.”’?

45 If David calls him ‘Lord’, how can he be his son?”

46 No one could answer him at all, and from that day on no one dared to ask him another question.


A group of Sadducees came to Jesus with a question. According to the law of Moses, if a man died childless, his brother was to have a temporary marital relationship with the widow for the purpose of producing an heir (Deut 25:5-6). The question posed by the Sadducees concerned an unlikely situation where a widow would meet seven husbands, all brothers, in the resurrection. Since Sadducees did not believe in any form of life after death, their question was intended to make fun of Jesus and the doctrine of the resurrection.

Jesus told the Sadducees that their question was without meaning because Israel’s laws applied only to life in the present physical world. Life in the age to come is not a continuation of present earthly life but is a different kind of life altogether (Luke 20:34-36; compared 1Cor 15:35-44).

To show that life after death was a fact they could not deny, Jesus quoted from the book of Exodus (which, being part of the Pentateuch, was one of the few parts of the Scriptures that the Sadducees read). Long after Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob had died, the Scriptures spoke of God as having a living personal relationship with them. They must therefore still be living, even though their bodies are dead and buried (Luke 20:37-38; Exodus 3:6).

When a teacher of the law asked Jesus which was the greatest commandment, Jesus gave an answer that went beyond what the questioner expected. All the commandments of the law could be summarized under the word ‘love’. A person’s first responsibility is to love God; the second is to love one’s fellow human beings. The fact that people are commanded to love shows that love is primarily a matter of doing, not feeling. It is an attitude of loyal obedience that governs a person’s mind, will, and emotions (Deut 6:4-5; Lev 19:18 ).

Some of the questions that Jesus’ opponents put to Him were unimportant, even senseless. He now put to them the really important question: what was their view of the Messiah? Jews understood the Messiah to be the son (descendant) of David, but thought of Him almost solely as a political figure who would rule Israel in a golden age. Jesus wanted to show that this view was inadequate. The Messiah was far more than the son of David (Matt 22:41-42).

Jesus referred His hearers to Psalm 110, a psalm that Jews of His time regarded as messianic. The psalm had been written a thousand years earlier, to be sung by the temple singers in praise of King David after he conquered Jerusalem and established his throne there. But the person who wrote the words was David himself; and, as Jesus pointed out, they were written under the inspiration of the Spirit in praise of the Messiah. This means that the opening words of the psalm, where the temple singers expressed homage to David by calling him ‘my Lord’, were the same words by which David expressed homage to the Messiah. The Messiah, who everyone knew was David’s descendant, was also David’s Lord. The Messiah was not only an earthly figure but also a divine figure (Matt 22:43-45; compare Acts 2:34-36).

The people understood, at least to some extent, the meaning of Jesus’ words and dared not try to trick him with any more questions. He was telling them, yet again, that His work was not to revive and expand the old earthly kingdom of Israel, but to establish an entirely different kind of kingdom, the kingdom of God (Matt 22:46).

🔷 Our belief and faith in Jesus must culminate in uncompromising love for all God’s people

🔷 After this life will be a special unity with God as a reward for our life here. Those who live to honor themselves here will be punished rather than rewarded

🔷 God’s chosen tools do not look it immediately, and so are often despised and treated with disdain

🔷 Authority comes from God so must we honour those to whom God has granted it, even if they are our grandchildren


💥 Pray that your faith in God will be rooted and unshaken
💥 Pray to practical your faith in your relationship with others

Jesus’ work has saved us from condemnation. We must make our salvation complete by faith in Him and love for our fellows. Christ awaits us to join the heavenly assembly in the Kingdom of Christ.
God bless you.

In series Bright Morning Reflections