All Sermons
Solomon is King
Bible Passage 1 Kings 1: 28-48
This content is part of a series Bright Morning Reflections, in topic 2022 & books 1 Corinthians, 1 Kings, 2 Samuel.

Solomon is King

  • Rev. Bright Mawuena Nfodzo
Date preached October 3, 2022

28 And David answered and said, “Call Bathsheba.” And she came into the king’s presence, and stood before the king.

29 And the king swore, and said, “As the LORD lives, Who has redeemed my soul out of all distress,

30 Surely as I swore to you by the LORD God of Israel, saying, ‘Surely Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my place,’ even so I will do today.”

31 And Bathsheba bowed her face to the earth, even kneeling to the king, and said, “Let my lord King David live forever.”

32 And King David said, “Call Zadok the priest to me, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” Then they came before the king.

33 The king also said to them, “Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon my own mule, and bring him down to Gihon.

34 And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him king over Israel there. And blow with the ram’s horn, and say, ‘Let King Solomon live.’

35 And you shall come up after him, and let him come and sit upon my throne for he shall reign in my place. And I have appointed him to be prince over Israel and over Judah.”

36 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king, and said, “Amen. May the LORD God of my lord the king say so.

37 As the LORD has been with my lord the king, even so may He be with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David.”

38 Then Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites, went down and caused Solomon to ride upon King David’s mule, and brought him to Gihon.

39 And Zadok the priest took a horn of oil out of the tabernacle and anointed Solomon. Then they blew the ram’s horn, and all the people said, “Long live King Solomon!”

40 And all the people came up after him, and the people were playing on flutes and rejoicing with great joy, so that the earth vibrated with their sound.

41 And Adonijah heard, and all the invited guests with him. Then they stopped eating. And Joab heard the sound of the ram’s horn, and said, “What is this noise roaring from the city?”

42 And he was still speaking, and behold, Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came. And Adonijah said to him, “Come in, for you are a mighty man and you bring good news.”

43 And Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, “Truly our lord King David has made Solomon king.

44 And the king has sent with him Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and they have caused him to ride upon the king’s mule.

45 And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon. And they have come up from there rejoicing, so that the city is in an uproar. This is the noise that you have heard.

46 And also Solomon sits on the throne of the kingdom.

47 And furthermore the king’s servants came to bless our lord King David, saying, ‘May God make the name of Solomon better than your name and make his throne greater than your throne.’ And the king bowed himself upon the bed.

48 And also the king said, ‘Blessed is the LORD God of Israel, Who has given one to sit on my throne today, my eyes even seeing it.’ ”


The two books of Kings (originally one book) carry on the history of Israel from the books of Samuel. They cover a period of about four centuries from the closing years of David’s reign to the time the people were taken into captivity in Babylon. They describe the division of the kingdom into two, and the history, decline and fall of the separate kingdoms.

When David was old and his health was failing, Adonijah, his oldest surviving son, decided to establish himself as king while David was still alive, and so prevent any possible claim to the throne by Solomon later. Once he had gained the support of the senior priest Abiathar and the army commander Joab, Adonijah thought he could ignore the friends and advisers of David who favoured Solomon to be the king (1 Kings 1:5-10). Earlier, even before this, David’s son Absalom tried to become king by force (2 Samuel chapter 15). His plan failed and he died. Adonijah, the fourth son of David decided to become king. He was very handsome. Absalom, one of Adonijah’s brothers had killed his older brother Amnon. And Joab had killed Absalom. We do not know what happened to his other brother.

Prophet Nathan, one of the friends of David quickly thought of a plan to prompt David to declare openly that Solomon was to succeed him as king.

Once roused to action, David was determined to see Solomon anointed and publicly proclaimed king. Solomon’s appointment seems to have won popular support. It also had the backing of David’s personal bodyguard of Cherethites and Pelethites, who were under the command of the tough Benaiah (verses 38-40).

Solomon received this anointing at the same time as Adonijah’s guests were finishing their party. Adonijah’s celebrations were cut short when he heard what had happened (verse 41-48). He realized that his claim to the throne now had little chance of success. Therefore, he decided that the wisest thing to do was to acknowledge Solomon as king in return for Solomon’s guarantee not to execute him.

The excitement of these events must have given David a sudden renewal of strength just before his death. He arranged a second anointing of Solomon, this time with full regal and religious ceremony, at which he presented Solomon to the people. He wanted them to see that Solomon was his divinely chosen successor (1 Chr. 28:1-10; 29:20-22 )

🔷Whatever belongs to you is yours forever.

🔷 Be careful of your counselors and those who advice you. Rather seek God’s counsel in all things

🔷 You cannot be more knowledgeable and ‘smarter’ than God your Creator.

💥Thank God for His protection

💥 Pray that God will give you what belongs to you

The counsel and the plan of God is what we should seek always. It is God who makes people kings and enthrones them. When you ask God, He will direct you to your glory instead of shame.

In series Bright Morning Reflections