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The Expansion of the Kingdom of God
Bible Passage Luke 13:18-21
This content is part of a series Bright Morning Reflections, in topic 2023 & books Acts, EZEKIEL, Luke, Matthew.

The Expansion of the Kingdom of God

  • Rev. Bright Mawuena Nfodzo
Date preached January 6, 2023

18 So Jesus went on to say, “What is the kingdom of God like? What can I compare it to?

19 It is like a mustard seed that someone took and planted in his garden. It grew and became a tree, and the birds of the sky nested in its branches.”

20 Again he said, “To what can I compare the kingdom of God?

21 It’s like yeast that a woman took and mixed with three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.”


Jesus used two short narrations of a parable to illustrate the kingdom of God. They are two parables by which Christ foretells the great success of the gospel, notwithstanding the small appearance of its efficacy of it.

The terms “kingdom of God” and “kingdom of heaven” both refer to God’s rule and authority over His people and overall creation. It refers to overcoming sin and living as prescribed by Jesus. Sometimes, it is the final blessedness to which the saints become heirs.

These two short parables about God’s kingdom are also found in Matthew’s gospel (Matthew 13). Matthew referred to God’s kingdom as “the kingdom of heaven,” probably because he was writing primarily for a Jewish audience.

The parable of the mustard seed foretells the expansion of the kingdom, as seen in the remarkable growth of the church. From small beginnings, it grows to a vast community that covers the entire earth.

At that time, a tree was a picture language for a powerful nation. The birds in its branches were the nations to which it gave protection (Ezekiel 17:22-24). People of all nations will find their spiritual security in God’s kingdom.

A similar truth is illustrated by the parable of the yeast (or leaven). As a small amount of yeast spreads through a lump of dough, so will the apparently small kingdom of Jesus spread through the world.

Jesus must have watched his mother as she made bread. Nobody can see the slow work as the yeast changes the dough. In the same way, God works slowly to change a person’s character. The yeast is a picture of the difference that the kingdom makes to society. The yeast affects the dough.

In a similar way, the Christian faith affects society and improves it. The people of Thessalonica said that Christians had ‘turned the world over the other way’ (Acts 17:6). Faith in Jesus the king changes people and society.

🔷 The rule of God is a progressive character that must grow and expand

🔷 Our relationship with Christ must reflect Christ Jesus and make others find Christ in you

💥 Pray that God will reign in your life and heart
💥 Pray for the continuous expansion of the work of Christ

While we wait that God will change the world and make everything surrender to Him, believers also need to be advocates of this kingdom through their life and acts. An heir to God’s kingdom must embrace all and become a source of inspiration to others.

In series Bright Morning Reflections